Converting binary to text might seem tricky, but it’s all about understanding how computers represent letters with binary codes.

## What Is Binary and How It Represents Text?

**Binary:**A system that uses only 0s and 1s. Each 0 or 1 is called a “bit.” In computers, text is represented by a sequence of binary numbers using character encoding standards like**ASCII**.**ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange):**It’s a standard way to represent text, where each character (like letters, digits, and symbols) is assigned a unique binary code. For example, the letter ‘A’ in ASCII is represented as`01000001`

.

## How Binary to Text Conversion Works

### 1. Break Down the Binary Code into 8-Bit Chunks

Each character is usually represented by an 8-bit (or 1 byte) binary code. For instance, the word “Hi” would be written in binary as:

`01001000`

(for ‘H’)`01101001`

(for ‘i’)

### 2. Convert Each 8-Bit Binary to Decimal

This step is the same as the binary-to-decimal conversion. Let’s convert `01001000`

to a decimal number:

- Positions (from right to left): 2⁷, 2⁶, 2⁵, 2⁴, 2³, 2², 2¹, 2⁰
- Values: 0×2⁷ + 1×2⁶ + 0×2⁵ + 0×2⁴ + 1×2³ + 0×2² + 0×2¹ + 0×2⁰
- Calculation: 0 + 64 + 0 + 0 + 8 + 0 + 0 + 0 =
**72**

### 3. Find the ASCII Character for the Decimal Number

- The decimal value
**72**corresponds to the character ‘H’ in the ASCII table. - For the binary
`01101001`

, the conversion to decimal is**105**, which corresponds to the character ‘i.’

### 4. Combine the Characters to Form the Text

- From our example,
`01001000 01101001`

converts to the text**“Hi”**.

## Step-by-Step Example

Let’s convert the binary `01000001 01100010 01100011`

to text.

### Break into 8-bit chunks

`01000001`

`01100010`

`01100011`

### Convert each chunk to decimal

`01000001`

→ 1×2⁶ + 1×2⁰ = 64 + 1 =**65**→ ASCII character ‘A’`01100010`

→ 1×2⁶ + 1×2⁵ + 1×2¹ = 64 + 32 + 2 =**98**→ ASCII character ‘b’`01100011`

→ 1×2⁶ + 1×2⁵ + 1×2⁰ = 64 + 32 + 1 =**99**→ ASCII character ‘c’

### Combine the characters

The binary `01000001 01100010 01100011`

converts to **“Abc”**.

## Quick Tips

**Always split binary into groups of 8:**Since each ASCII character is represented by 8 bits, make sure to break the binary sequence into 8-bit chunks.**Use an ASCII table:**For quick reference, use an ASCII table to find the character corresponding to the decimal numbers you get.**Use online tools:**There are many binary-to-text converters available online to speed up this process!

Now you have the basics of converting binary code into text! Try practicing with different binary sequences to see what text they represent.